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04 Civil Engineering Quiz | Water Resource MCQ

1 >>Pick up the correct statement from the following :
 ?
  • (A) The actual prevailing rate of infiltration of water in the soil at any time, is known as infiltration rate
  • (B) The actual infiltration rate at any time may be equal to or less than the infiltration capacity
  • (C) When rainfall rate is less than the infiltration capacity, the infiltration rate is approximately equal to the rainfall rate
  • (D) all
2 >>In India the recording type rain gauge generally used, is
 ?
  • (A) tipping type
  • (B) float recording type
  • (C) weighing type
  • (D) none of these.
3 >>Pick up the correct statement from the following :
 ?
  • (A) The moisture deficiency will be different at different points
  • (B) The path of the water required to bring the soil moisture content of a soil up to its field capacity is called soil moisture deficiency
  • (C) The moisture content at which permanent wilting of plants takes place, is called the wilting point
  • (D) all


4 >>The deficiency in rain catch due to vertical acceleration of air forced upward over the gauge, is
 ?
  • (A) greater for lighter rain
  • (B) greater for heavy rain
  • (C) lesser for small rain drops.
  • (D) greater for large drops
5 >>Infiltration capacity of soil depends upon
 ?
  • (A) compaction of the soil particles
  • (B) arrangement of soil particles
  • (C) shape and size of soil particles
  • (D) all
6 >>Pick up the correct statement from the following :
 ?
  • (A) Relative humidity is the ratio of the weight of the vapours present per unit volume to the weight of vapours which could be contained at the same temperature when fully saturated
  • (B) Relative humidity is the ratio of actual vapour pressure and saturation vapour pressure at the same temperature
  • (C) Humidity can be measured by psychrometer
  • (D) all
7 >>If a gauge is installed perpendicular to the slope, its measurement is reduced by multiplying
 ?
  • (A) tangent of the angle of inclination with vertical
  • (B) cosine of the angle of inclination with vertical
  • (C) sine of the angle of inclination with vertical
  • (D) calibration coefficient of the gauge.


8 >>A recording type rain gauge
 ?
  • (A) produces a mass curve of rain fall
  • (B) is sometimes called integrating rain gauge or
  • (C) records the cumulative rain
  • (D) all
9 >>Absolute humidity in air
 ?
  • (A) increases at higher altitudes
  • (B) decreases at higher altitudes
  • (C) remains constant at all altitudes
  • (D) none of these.
10 >>Pick up the correct statement from the following :
 ?
  • (A) The maximum rate of absorbing water by the soil in any given condition, is known as infiltration capacity
  • (B) When rainfall exceeds the interception rainfall, water reaches the ground and infiltration starts
  • (C) The difference between the total rainfall and intercepted rainfall, is generally called ground rainfall
  • (D) all
11 >>Pick up the correct statement from the following :
 ?
  • (A) Water remains in atmosphere as vapours
  • (B) Rain water is obtained by evaporation from rivers, lakes and oceans
  • (C) Hydrologic cycle is a continuous process of evaporation and precipitation of water in atmosphere
  • (D) all
12 >>Precipitation caused by lifting of an air mass due to the pressure difference, is called
 ?
  • (A) orographic precipitation
  • (B) cyclonic precipitation
  • (C) convective precipitation
  • (D) none of these.

13 >>In India, rain fall is generally recorded at
 ?
  • (A) 12 Noon
  • (B) 8 A.M.
  • (C) 4 P.M.
  • (D) 8 P.M.
14 >>Unit Hydrograph theory was enunciated by
 ?
  • (A) Merril Bernard
  • (B) Le-Roy K. Shermen
  • (C) Robert E. Horten.
  • (D) W.W. Horner
15 >>The surface Run-off is the quantity of water
 ?
  • (A) intercepted by buildings and vegetative cover
  • (B) required to fill surface depressions
  • (C) that reaches the stream channels
  • (D) absorbed by soil
16 >>The standard height of a standard rain gauge, is
 ?
  • (A) 20cm
  • (B) 30cm
  • (C) 10cm
  • (D) 40cm
17 >>Hydrology helps in
 ?
  • (A) predicting the effects on the river water level on completion of dams
  • (B) deciding the minimum reservoir capacity
  • (C) forecasting the availability of quantity of water at reservoir site
  • (D) all
18 >>Water contains
 ?
  • (A) three hydrogen atoms and two oxygen atoms
  • (B) one hydrogen atom and two oxygen atoms
  • (C) one hydrogen atom and one oxygen atom
  • (D) two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom
19 >>The theory of infiltration capacity was given by
 ?
  • (A) W.W. Horner
  • (B) Le-Roy K. Shermen
  • (C) Merrill Bernard
  • (D) Robert E. Horten.
20 >>Consumptive use of a crop during growth, is the amount of
 ?
  • (A) evaporation
  • (B) transpiration
  • (C) interception
  • (D) all

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